Charmbracelet is the ninth studio album by American singer Mariah Carey, released in the United States on December 3, 2002 by Island Records. It was her first album on the label and was also her first following the release of her film Glitter (2001) and its accompanying soundtrack album Glitter, both of which were critical and commercial disappointments. Sales of Charmbracelet were an improvement over those of Glitter, and the album went platinum in the United States. The album was unable to garner any U.S. hits, as none of its singles made the top 80 of the Billboard Hot 100. She once again collaborated with many artists on this album such as rappers Cam'ron, Jay-Z, Freeway, Westside Connection and R&B artists Kelly Price and Joe. To date, Charmbracelet has sold over 4 million copies worldwide.
Promotion and chart performance
The first single from Charmbracelet, "Through the Rain", only peaked at number 81 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, but it was more successful in Canada and the UK where it reached the top ten. It also hit number 1 on the U.S. sales and dance charts. In association with the album's release, Carey was the subject of an MTV special, Shining Through the Rain.
The album debuted at number three on the U.S. Billboard 200 with 241,200 copies sold in its first week, just behind Tim McGraw's Tim McGraw and the Dancehall Doctors which held the number two spot in a second consecutive week after selling over 250,000 copies, and Up! by Shania Twain which held the top spot for the third consecutive weeks with 317,000 copies sold. Charmbracelet remained in the top twenty for just three weeks and on the chart for twenty-three. The second single, "Boy (I Need You)", failed to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 and Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles. Another track from the album "Irresistible (Westside Connection)" peaked at number 81 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.
Carey's tour in support of the album, the Charmbracelet World Tour: An Intimate Evening with Mariah Carey, was the biggest tour of her career, lasting over eight months with more than sixty shows across many countries. During the tour, "Bringin' On the Heartbreak" was issued as the third single. The album was re-released in Asia and Europe to support the concert tour under the title Charmbracelet: Limited Edition with four bonus, unreleased tracks and videos for "Through the Rain" and "Boy (I Need You)".
Charmbracelet was certified platinum by the RIAA. On May 18, 2005 "My Saving Grace" was solicited as a promotional single to gospel radio stations across the U.S. with "Fly Like a Bird", a song from Carey's tenth album The Emancipation of Mimi (2005).
"You Got Me" also appeared on collaborator Freeway's debut album, Philadelphia Freeway, released in February 2003.
*"Through the Rain" was released as the first single. It peaked at number 81 on the Billboard Hot 100, Carey's lowest peak for a lead single to date. In other countries, the song managed to reach the top twenty. And it hit number 1 on the U.S. sales and dance charts.
*"Boy (I Need You)" was the second single to be released from the album. It failed to chart in the Billboard Hot 100, but hit 57 on the U.S. sales chart and the top 20 in the UK.
*"I Know What You Want" was a single released by Carey and Busta Rhymes. It features the Flipmode Squad as the other rappers who appeared in the song. It peaked at number 3 on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Carey's highest peaking single since 2001's "Loverboy". It was a bonus track on the re-release of the album.
*"Bringin' on the Heartbreak" is the fourth and final single from the album. It was an original by Def Leppard, and was produced by American Idol judge Randy Jackson. It failed to chart in the Billboard Hot 100, but made number 5 on the U.S. dance chart.
*"The One" was the aborted second single from the album. Footage for the video was shot and directed by Joseph Kahn while Carey was in Japan, but due to the label's decision of changing the single, the shot footage was used for "Boy (I Need You)". It was released as a Promo single in the U.S. on 12" and CD single on December 3, 2002.
In general, the critical response to Charmbracelet was mixed to average. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has received an average score of 43, based on 13 reviews. The album was nominated in the category Rock and Pop Album of the Year at the 2003 Japan Gold Disc Awards. According to Metacritic, it is the 36th worst album since 2000.
In 2003 for the 45th Grammy Award ceremony, the Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis production of the song "Through the Rain" was nominated for Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, Non-Classical, but lost to Arif Mardin's Come Away with Me.http
Charts and certifications
*Asif Ali – engineer
*Florian Ammon – digital editing, mixing
*Giulio Antognini – assistant engineer
*Bobby Ross Avila – guitar
*Robert Bacon – guitar, electric guitar
*Karen Elaine Bakunin – viola
*Charlie Bisharat – strings, string quartet
*Printz Board – trumpet
*Oswald "Wiz" Bowe – assistant engineer
*Denyse Buffum – viola
*Eve Butler – strings, string quartet
*David Campbell – string arrangements
*Darius Campo – strings, string quartet
*Mariah Carey – vocals, background vocals, producer
*Dana Jon Chappelle – engineer
*Susan Chatman – strings
*Lionel Cole – piano, synthesizer bass
*Larry Corbett – cello
*Bryan-Michael Cox – producer
*Kenneth Crouch – organ, synthesizer, piano, keyboards, Fender Rhodes
*Melonie Daniels – background vocals
*Vidal Davis – mixing
*Joel Derouin – strings, string quartet
*DJ Vice – programming
*Jermaine Dupri - background vocals, producer, mixing
*Elizabeth Dyson – cello
*Brian Frye – engineer
*Matt Funes – viola
*Armen Garabedian – strings, string quartet
*Paul Gregory – engineer
*Kevin Guarnieri – overdubs, digital editing
*Mick Guzauski – mixing
*Dawn Hannay – viola
*Andre Harris – mixing
*David Ryan Harris – guitar
*Steve Hodge – engineer, mixing
*John Horesco IV – assistant
*Jimmy Jam – producer, instrumentation
*Jay-Z – rap
*Eric Johnson – acoustic guitar
*Just Blaze – producer, instrumentation
*Suzie Katayama – cello, string contractor
*Steve Kempster – string mixing
*Peter Kent – strings, string quartet
*Ann Kim – violin
*Lisa Kim – violin
*Myung Hi Kim – violin
*Melissa Kleinbart – violin
*Soo Hyun Kwon – violin
*Trevor Lawrence – percussion, drums, drum programming
*Jeanne LeBlanc – cello
*John Lemkuhi – sound design
*Ken Lewis – engineer, mixing
*Terry Lewis – producer, instrumentation
*Trey Lorenz – background vocals
*Bob Ludwing – mastering
*Rob Mathes – conductor, string arrangements
*Jeremy McCoy – bass
*Colin Miller – engineer
*Ann Mincieli – assistant engineer
*Tadd Mingo – assistant engineer
*John Mitchell – drum programming
*Bill Molina – engineer
*Billy Odum – guitar
*Tim Olmstead – assistant engineer
*Suzanne Ornstein – violin
*Alyssa Park – strings, string quartet
*Sara Parkins – strings, string quartet
*John Patitucci – bass
*Dave Perini – assistant engineer
*Kelly Price – vocals, background vocals
*Michele Richards – strings, string quartet
*Steve Richards – strings, cello
*Alexander Richbourg – vocal programming
*Robert Rinehart – viola
*Tom Rosenthal – viola
*Jeff Rothschild – assistant engineer
*Laura Seaton – violin
*7 Aurelius – programming, producer
*Andrew Sherman – piano
*Jaime Sickora – assistant engineer
*Dexter Simmons – mixing
*Fiona Simon – violin
*Carl "Butch" Small – percussion
*Jon Smeltz – engineer, mixing
*Dan Smith – strings, cello
*Xavier Smith – assistant engineer, assistant
*Brian Springer – engineer
*Brian Sumner – assistant engineer
*Phil Tan – engineer, mixing
*Mary Ann Tatum – background vocals
*Lesa Terry – strings, string quartet
*Michael Hart Thompson – percussion, strings, electric guitar, steel guitar, synthesizer bass, nylon string guitar
*Jeremy Turner – cello
*German Villacorta – assistant engineer
*Seth Waldman – assistant engineer
*Evan Wilson – viola
*John Wittenberg – strings, string quartet
*Mary Wooten – cello
*Jason Wormer – assistant engineer
*James "Big Jim" Wright – producer
*Sharon Yamada – violin
*Jung Sun Yoo – violin
*Bradley Yost – assistant engineer, assistant
*Antony Zeller – assistant engineer
Category:Mariah Carey albums
Category:Island Records albums
Category:Albums produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
Category:Albums produced by Jermaine Dupri
Category:Albums produced by Just Blaze
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Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970Buchanan, Jacob. , AllMusic.com or 1969; sources vary) is an American R&B/pop singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. She made her recording debut, in 1990, under the guidance of Columbia Records executive Tommy Mottola, and became the first recording artist to have her first five singles top the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. Following her marriage to Mottola, in 1993, a series of hit records established her position as Columbia Records' highest-selling act.
Following her separation from Mottola, in 1997, she introduced elements of hip hop into her album work, to much initial success, but her popularity was in decline when she left Columbia, in 2001. She signed a record $80 million deal with Virgin Records, only to be dropped from the label and bought out of her contract in the following year. This radical turn of events was due to the highly publicized physical and emotional breakdown, as well as the poor reception that was given to Glitter, her film and soundtrack project. In 2002, Carey signed with Island Records, and, after a relatively unsuccessful period, returned to the top of pop music, in 2005, with her album, The Emancipation of Mimi.Lamb, Bill. . About.com. June 4, 2005. Retrieved March 12, 2008.Anderman, Joan. . The Boston Globe. February 5, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
In a career spanning over two decades, Carey has sold more than 200 million albums, singles and videos worldwide, according to Island Def Jam, which makes her one of the world's best-selling music artists. Carey was cited as the world’s best-selling recording artist of the 1990s at the 1998 World Music Awards and was also named the best-selling female artist of the millennium by the same award-giving body in 2000. According to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), she is the third-best-selling female artist, with shipments of 63 million albums. In 2008, Carey earned her eighteenth number one single on the Hot 100, the most by any solo artist.Pietroluongo, Silvio. . Billboard. April 2, 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2008..In 2009, Mariah's song,We Belong Together was awarded with the Song of the decade by Billboard http Aside from her commercial accomplishments, she has earned five Grammy Awards and is known for her five-octave vocal range, power, melismatic style and use of the whistle register.http RIAA'.' Retrieved 2010-07-14.
Life and career
1970–87: Childhood and youth
Mariah Carey was born in Huntington, Long Island, New York. She is the third and youngest child of Patricia (née Hickey), a former opera singer and vocal coach, and Alfred Roy Carey, an aeronautical engineer.Shapiro, pg. 16.. racerelations.about.com. Retrieved April 3, 2008. Her mother is Irish American and her father is of Afro-Venezuelan and African American descent; her paternal grandfather, Roberto Nuñez, changed his surname to Carey to better assimilate upon moving to the United States from Venezuela. Carey has two siblings, Morgan and Alison Carey. Carey was named after the song "They Call the Wind Mariah".. People. Retrieved April 3, 2009. Carey's parents divorced when she was three years old.Shapiro, pg. 19–20. While she lived in Huntington, racist neighbors allegedly poisoned the family dog and set fire to her family's car. After her parents' divorce, she had little contact with her father and her mother worked several jobs to support the family. Carey spent much of her time at home, alone, and turned to music to occupy herself. She began to sing at around the age of three, when her mother began to teach her, after Carey imitated her mother practicing Verdi's opera Rigoletto in Italian.Shapiro, pg. 18–19.
Carey graduated from Harborfields High School in 1987.. The New York Times. July 7, 2009. Retrieved February 8, 2011.. InStyle. Retrieved February 8, 2011. She was frequently absent, because of her work as a demo singer for local recording studios; her classmates consequently gave her the nickname "Mirage".Shapiro, pg. 31. Her work in the Long Island music scene provided opportunities to work with musicians, such as Gavin Christopher and Ben Margulies, with whom she co-wrote material for her demo tape. After she moved to New York City, she worked part-time jobs to pay the rent and she completed 500 hours of beauty school.Handelman, David. "Miss Mariah." Cosmopolitan. December 1997. Eventually, she became a backup singer for Puerto Rican freestyle singer Brenda K. Starr.
1988–92: Early career
In 1988, Carey met Columbia Records executive Tommy Mottola at a party, where Starr gave Carey's demo tape to him. Mottola played the tape when he left the party and was impressed. He returned to find Carey but she had left. Nevertheless, Mottola tracked her down and signed her to a recording contract. This Cinderella-like story became part of the standard publicity that surrounded Carey's entrance into the industry.Gardner, Elysa. "Cinderella Story." VIBE. April 1996.
Carey co-wrote the tracks on her 1990 debut album Mariah Carey and she has co-written most of her material since. During the recording, she expressed dissatisfaction with the contributions of producers such as Ric Wake and Rhett Lawrence, whom the executives at Columbia had enlisted to help to make the album more commercially viable.Shapiro, pg. 47, 60. Critics were generally enthusiastic (See Critical reception section of the album article). Backed by a substantial promotional budget, the album reached number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, where it remained for several weeks. It yielded four number-one singles and made Carey a star in the United States but it was less successful in other countries. Critics rated the album highly, which assisted Carey's Grammy wins for Best New Artist, and—for her debut single, "Vision of Love"—Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. Mariah Carey was also the best selling album of 1991 in the United States.
Carey conceived Emotions, her second album, as an homage to Motown soul music (see Motown Sound), and she worked with Walter Afanasieff and Clivillés & Cole (from the dance group C+C Music Factory) on the record. It was released soon after her debut album — in late 1991 — but was neither as critically or commercially successful (See Promotion and reception section of the album article). The title track "Emotions" made Carey into the only recording act whose first five singles have reached number one on the U.S. Hot 100 chart, although the album's follow-up singles failed to match this feat. Carey had lobbied to produce her own songs and, beginning with Emotions, she has co-produced most of her material. "I didn't want to be somebody else's vision of me," she said. "There's more of me on this album."Shapiro, pg. 62.
Although Carey performed live occasionally, stage fright prevented her from embarking on a major tour.Kaufman, Gil.
1993–96: First marriage, and international success
Carey and Tommy Mottola became romantically involved during the making of her debut album and were married in June, 1993. Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds consulted on the album Music Box, which was released later that year and became Carey's most successful worldwide. The album maintained a presence on the Billboard 200 for 128 weeks. It yielded her first UK Singles Chart number-one, Retrieved January 2, 2008. a cover of Badfinger's "Without You", and the U.S. number-ones "Dreamlover" and "Hero". Billboard magazine proclaimed it "heart-piercing easily the most elemental of Carey's releases, her vocal eurythmics in natural sync with the songs",White, Timothy. "Mariah Carey's stirring 'Music Box'". Billboard. New York: pg. 5, August 28, 1993, Vol. 105, Iss. 35. but TIME magazine's Christopher John Farley lamented Carey's attempt at a mellower work, " seems perfunctory and almost passionless Carey could be a pop-soul great; instead, she has once again settled for Salieri-like mediocrity."Farley, Christopher John. . TIME. September 6, 1993. Retrieved March 4, 2006. AllMusic adds, "Carey sounds detached on several selections. She scored a couple of huge hits, "Hero" and "Dreamlover", where she did inject some personality and intensity into the leads. Most other times, Carey blended into the background and allowed the tracks guide her, instead of pushing and exploding through them. It was wise for Carey to display other elements of her approach but, sometimes, excessive spirit is preferable to an absence of passion", and Rolling Stone expressed mixed sentiments and said, "Some of the songs appear to be strongly influenced by other hits. "Hero," with its message of self-sufficiency, aims for the inspirational grandeur of "Greatest Love of All", while "Just to Hold You Once Again" and "All I've Ever Wanted" chase the tail of "I Will Always Love You." In fact, Music Box is so precisely calculated to be a blockbuster that its impact is ultimately a little unnerving." In response to such comments, Carey said, "As soon as you have a big success, a lot of people don't like that. There's nothing that I can do about it. All I can do is to make music that I believe in."Shapiro, pg. 78. Most critics slighted the opening of her subsequent U.S. Music Box Tour.Shapiro, pg. 84. Farley balanced his critique with some positive observations: "The gospel flavored 'Anytime You Need A Friend' demonstrates Carey's vocal power, although too fleetingly. And the title cut is one of Carey's loveliest songs to date..."
In late 1994, after her duet with Luther Vandross on a cover of Lionel Richie and Diana Ross's "Endless Love" became a hit, Carey released the holiday album Merry Christmas. It contained cover material and original compositions, such as "All I Want for Christmas Is You", which became Carey's biggest single in Japan and, in subsequent years, emerged as one of her most perennially popular songs on U.S. radio.. Allmusic. Retrieved September 19, 2006. Critical reception of Merry Christmas was mixed, with Allmusic calling it an "otherwise vanilla set pretensions to high opera on 'O Holy Night' and a horrid danceclub take on 'Joy to the World'."Parisien, Roch. . Allmusic. Retrieved March 17, 2006. It became one of the most successful Christmas albums of all time.
In 1995, Columbia released Carey's fourth studio album, Daydream, which combined the pop sensibilities of Music Box with downbeat R&B and hip hop influences. A remix of "Fantasy", its first single, featured rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard. Carey said that Columbia reacted negatively to her intentions for the album: "Everybody was like 'What, are you crazy?'. They're very nervous about breaking the formula."Shapiro, pg. 92. The New Yorker noted that "It became standard for R&B stars, like Missy Eliott and Beyoncé, to combine melodies with rapped verses." John Norris of MTV News has stated that the remix was "responsible for, I would argue, an entire wave of music that we've seen since and that is the R&B-hip-hop collaboration. You could argue that the 'Fantasy' remix was the single most important recording that she's ever made." Norris echoed the sentiments of TLC's Lisa Lopes, who told MTV that it's because of Mariah that we have "R&B." Daydream became her biggest-selling album in the U.S. and its singles achieved similar success — "Fantasy" became the second single to debut at number one in the U.S. and topped the Canadian Singles Chart for twelve weeks; "One Sweet Day" (a duet with Boyz II Men) spent a record-holding sixteen weeks at number one in the U.S.; and "Always Be My Baby" (co-produced by Jermaine Dupri) was the most successful record on U.S. radio in 1996, according to Billboard magazine. The album also generated career-best reviews for Carey,Shapiro, pg. 94–96. and publications such as The New York Times named it as one of 1995's best albums; the Times wrote that its "best cuts bring R&B candy-making to a new peak of textural refinement Carey's songwriting has taken a leap forward and become more relaxed, sexier and less reliant on thudding clichés."Holden, Stephen. "Mariah Carey Glides Into New Territory." The New York Times. pg. 76, October 13, 1995. and AllMusic adds, "Daydream is her best record to date, and features a consistently strong selection of songs and a remarkably impassioned performance by Carey. A few of the songs are second-rate — particularly the cover of Journey's "Open Arms" — but Daydream demonstrates that Carey continues to perfect her craft and that she has earned her status as an R&B diva." The short but profitable Daydream World Tour augmented sales of the album. The music industry took note of Carey's success — she won two awards at the American Music Awards for her solo efforts: Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist and Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist. Daydream and its tracks were respectively nominated for six categories in the 38th Grammy Awards. Carey, along with Boyz II Men, opened the event with a performance of "One Sweet Day," which was mightily applauded.Shapiro, p. 96 In contrast, throughout the night, she was not called to the stage to receive even one Grammy. The cameras started to focus on Carey, revealing the fact that it was becoming harder for her to retain a smile. Her disappointment was becoming obvious. Although many critics proclaimed Daydream as the best album of 1995, she ended that night with no awards. Carey eventually was able to deal with this incident. "What can you do?" The singer asked. "I will never be disappointed again. After I sat through the whole show and didn't win once, I can handle anything." In 1995, due to "Daydream's" enormous Japanese sales, "Billboard" declared Carey "Artist of the year" in Japan.
1997–2000: New image, Butterfly and Rainbow
Carey and Mottola officially separated in 1997. Although the public image of the marriage was a happy one, she said that, in reality, she had felt trapped by her relationship with Mottola, whom she often described as controlling.Shapiro, pg. 97–98. They officially announced their separation in 1997 and their divorce became final in the following year. Soon after the separation, Carey hired an independent publicist and a new attorney and manager. She continued to write and produce for other artists during this period and contributedto the debut albums of Allure and 7 Mile through her short-lived imprint Crave Records.
Mariah Carey13 Edwards Dec 1998.jpgleftthumb220pxCarey at Edwards Air Force Base during the making of "I Still Believe" video in 1998.
Carey's next album, Butterfly (1997), yielded the number-one single "Honey", the lyrics and music video which presented a more overtly sexual image of her than had been previously seen.Shapiro, pg. 101; Handelman. She stated that Butterfly marked the point when she attained full creative control over her music.. Fox News. March 24, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2008. However, she added, "I don't think that it's that much of a departure from what I've done in the past It's not like I went psycho and thought I would be a rapper. Personally, this album is about doing whatever the hell I wanted to do."Shapiro, pg. 101. Reviews were generally positive: Rolling Stone wrote, "Carey couldn't have wished for a better start than "Honey," it's an undeniably catchy pop record that revamps her sound and image. It's not as if Carey has totally dispensed with her old saccharine, Houston-style balladry but the predominant mood of Butterfly is one of coolly erotic reverie. very 1997. Carey has spread her wings and she's ready to fly", LAUNCHcast said Butterfly "pushes the envelope", a move that its critic thought "may prove disconcerting to more conservative fans" but praised as "a welcome change."Reynolds, J.R. . Yahoo! Music. September 16, 1997. Retrieved March 17, 2006. The Los Angeles Times wrote, " is easily the most personal, confessional-sounding record she's ever done Carey-bashing just might become a thing of the past."Johnson, Connie. Los Angeles Times. pg. 58, September 14, 1997. and AllMusic adds "Carey's vocals are sultrier and more controlled than ever, and that helps "Butterfly," "Break Down," "Babydoll," and the Prince cover, "The Beautiful Ones," rank among her best; also, the ballads do have a stronger urban feel than before. Even though Butterfly doesn't have as many strong singles as Daydream, it's one of her best records and illustrates that Carey continues to improve and refine her music, which makes her a rarity among her '90s peers." The album was a commercial success—although not to the degree of her previous three albums—and "My All" (her thirteenth Hot 100 number-one) gave her the record for the most U.S. number-ones by a female artist.
Toward the turn of the millennium, Carey developed the film project Glitter and wrote songs for the films Men in Black (1997) and How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000). During the production of Butterfly, Carey became romantically involved with New York Yankees baseball star Derek Jeter. Their relationship ended in 1998, with both parties citing media interference as the main reason for the split.Shapiro, pg. 112. The same year, Columbia released the album #1's, a collection of Carey's U.S. number-one singles alongside new material, which, she said, was a way to reward her fans.Shapiro, pg. 116. The song "When You Believe", a duet with Whitney Houston, was recorded for the soundtrack of The Prince of Egypt (1998) and won an Academy Award. #1's sold above expectations but a review in NME labeled Carey "a purveyor of saccharine bilge like 'Hero', whose message seems wholesome enough: that if you vacate your mind of all intelligent thought, flutter your eyelashes and wish hard, sweet babies and honey will follow.". NME. Retrieved March 10, 2006. Also that year, she appeared on the first televised VH1 Divas benefit concert program, although her alleged prima donna behavior had already led many to consider her a diva.Haring, Bruce. . Yahoo! Music. May 14, 1998. Retrieved March 17, 2006.
Rainbow, Carey's sixth studio album, was released in 1999 and comprised more R&B/hip hop–oriented songs, with many of them co-created with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis.. Business Wire. August 31, 2000. Retrieved March 31, 2008. "Heartbreaker" and "Thank God I Found You" (the former featuring Jay-Z, the latter featuring Joe and boy band 98 Degrees) reached number one in the U.S. and the success of the former made Carey the only act to have a number-one single in each year of the 1990s. A cover of Phil Collins's "Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)" went to number one in the UK, after Carey re-recorded it with boy band Westlife. Media reception of Rainbow was generally enthusiastic, with the Sunday Herald saying that the album "sees her impressively tottering between soul ballads and collaborations with R&B heavyweights like Snoop Doggy Dogg, Usher It's a polished collection of pop-soul."Virtue, Graham. "Rainbow, Mariah Carey." Sunday Herald, November 7, 1999. VIBE magazine expressed similar sentiments, writing, "She pulls out all stops Rainbow will garner even more adoration","Mariah Carey, Rainbow." VIBE. pg. 258, December 1999. but AllMusic states, "It's a bit ballad-heavy, which makes Rainbow seem a little samey. Yet, that's not the only reason why the record has a weird sense of déjà vu, since this follows the same formula as its two predecessors, distinguished primarily by her newfound fondness for flashing flesh. That repetition isn't necessarily a problem, because she does formula very well and manages to appeal to both housewives as well as b-boys. Rainbow proves that she can still pull off that difficult balancing act but it's hard not to be a little disappointed that she'd didn't shake the music up a little bit more — after all, it would have been a more effective album if the heartbreak, sorrow and joy that bubbles underneath the music were brought to the surface." and it became Carey's lowest-selling album up to that point, and there was a recurring criticism that the tracks were too alike. When the double A-side "Crybaby" (featuring Snoop Dogg)/"Can't Take That Away (Mariah's Theme)" became her first single to peak outside the U.S. top twenty, Carey accused Sony of underpromoting it: "The political situation in my professional career is not positive I get a lot of negative feedback from certain corporate people," she wrote, on her official website.Shapiro, pg. 134.
2001–04: Glitter, Charmbracelet and personal struggles
After she received Billboards Artist of the Decade Award and the World Music Award for Best-Selling Female Artist of the Millennium, Carey parted from Columbia and signed a contract with EMI's Virgin Records worth a reported US$80 million. She often stated that Columbia had regarded her as a commodity, with her separation from Mottola exacerbating her relations with label executives. Just a few months later, in July, 2001, it was widely reported that Carey had suffered a physical and emotional breakdown. She had left messages on her website that complained of being overworked,Friedman, Roger. . Fox News Channel. July 26, 2001. Retrieved March 17, 2006. and her relationship with the Latin icon Luis Miguel ended.Davies, Hugh. . The Daily Telegraph. July 28, 2001. Retrieved April 1, 2008. In an interview the following year, she said, "I was with people who didn't really know me and I had no personal assistant. I'd do interviews all day long and get two hours of sleep a night, if that."Gardner, Elysa. . USA Today. November 28, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2006. During an appearance on MTV's Total Request Live, to which she showed up unannounced and to the apparent bewilderment of host Carson Daly, Carey handed out popsicles to the audience and began what was later described as a "striptease".. The Internet Movie Database. December 3, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2006. By the month's end, she had checked into a hospital and her publicist announced that Carey would take a break from public appearances.Cook, Shanon. . CNN. August 14, 2001. Retrieved March 17, 2006.
Critics panned Glitter, Carey's much delayed semi-autobiographical film and it was a box office failure.Patterson, Sylvia. . The Daily Telegraph. March 17, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2008. The accompanying soundtrack album, Glitter, was inspired by the music of the 1980s and featured collaborations with Rick James and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis; it generated Carey's worst showing on the U.S. chart. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch dismissed it as "an absolute mess that'll go down as an annoying blemish on a career that, while not always critically heralded, was at least nearly consistently successful",Johnson, Kevin C. "Mariah Carey's New "Glitter" Is a Far Cry from Golden". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. pg. F.5, September 16, 2001 . while Blender magazine opined, "After years of trading her signature flourishes for a radio-ready purr, Carey's left with almost no presence at all.""Glitter". Blender. pg. 118, August–September 2001. The lead single, "Loverboy" (which features Cameo), reached number two on the Hot 100, due to the release of the physical single, but the album's follow-up singles failed to chart; however, a live rendition/medley of the single, "Never Too Far", made its way to number 81.
Later, in the year, Columbia released the low-charting compilation album Greatest Hits, shortly after the failure of Glitter, and, in early 2002, Virgin bought out Carey's contract for $28 million, and created further negative publicity. Carey later said that her time at Virgin was "a complete and total stress-fest I made a total snap decision which was based on money and I never make decisions based on money. I learned a big lesson from that.". BBC.co.uk. February 8, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2006. Later that year, she signed a contract with Island Records, valued at more than $22.5 million,Holson, Laura M. . The New York Times. May 9, 2002. Retrieved April 1, 2008. and launched the record label MonarC. To add further to Carey's emotional burdens, her father, with whom she had little contact since childhood, died of cancer that year.Rader, Dotson. . Parade. June 5, 2005. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
Carey, Mira Sorvino and Melora Walters co-starred as waitresses at a mobster-operated restaurant in the independent film WiseGirls (2002), which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival but went straight to cable in the U.S. Critics commended Carey for her efforts — The Hollywood Reporter predicted, "Those scathing notices for Glitter will be a forgotten memory for the singer once people warm up to Raychel",Honeycutt, Kirk. . The Hollywood Reporter. January 15, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2006. and Roger Friedman, referring to her as "a Thelma Ritter for the new millennium", said, "Her line delivery is sharp and she manages to get the right laughs".Friedman, Roger. . Fox News. January 14, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2006. WiseGirls producer Anthony Esposito cast Carey in The Sweet Science (2006), a film about an unknown female boxer recruited by a boxing manager, but it never entered production.Moss, Corey. . MTV.com. February 20, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2006.
In 2002, she performed the American national anthem in front of an audience at the Super Bowl XXXVI at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. Following a well-received supporting role in the 2002 film WiseGirls, Carey released the album Charmbracelet, which, she said, marked "a new lease on life" for her. Sales of Charmbracelet were moderate and the quality of Carey's vocals came under severe criticism. The Boston Globe declared the album "the worst of her career, and revealed a voice no longer capable of either gravity-defying gymnastics or soft coos",Anderman, Joan. "For Carey, the Glory's Gone but the Glitter Lives On". The Boston Globe. pg. D.4, September 10, 2003 . and Rolling Stone commented, "Carey needs bold songs that help her use the power and range for which she is famous. Charmbracelet is like a stream of watercolors that bleed into a puddle of brown."Walters, Barry. . Rolling Stone. New York: pg. 93, December 12, 2002, iss. 911. Allmusic expressed similar sentiments and said, "There are no good songs on this record, outside of Def Leppard's power ballad classic "Bringin on the Heartbreak," which isn't even covered all that well. What is a greater problem is that Mariah's voice is shot, sounding in tatters throughout the record. Whenever she sings, there's a raspy whistle behind her thin voice and she strains to make notes throughout the record. She cannot coo or softly croon nor can she perform her trademark gravity-defying vocal runs. Her voice is damaged and there's not a moment where it sounds strong or inviting. That, alone, would be disturbing but, because the songs are formless and the production bland — another reason why the hip-hop announces itself, even though it's nowhere near as pronounced as it has been since Butterfly — her tired voice becomes the only thing to concentrate on and it's a sad, ugly thing, which makes an album - that would merely have been her worst - into something tragic." The album's only charting single in America, "Through the Rain", was a failure on pop radio, which had become less open to maturing "diva" stylists, such as Celine Dion, or Carey, herself, in favor of younger singers such as Christina Aguilera, who had vocal styles very similar to Carey's.
"I Know What You Want", a 2003 Busta Rhymes single on which Carey guest starred, fared considerably better and reached the U.S. top five; it was also included on Columbia's release of The Remixes, a compilation of Carey's best remixes and some new tracks. That year, she embarked on the Charmbracelet World Tour and was awarded the Chopard Diamond award for selling more than 100 million albums worldwide.. World Music Awards. Retrieved April 7, 2006. She was featured on rapper Jadakiss's 2004 single "U Make Me Wanna", which reached the top ten on Billboards R&B/Hip-Hop chart.
Carey was one of several musicians who appeared in the independently produced Damon Dash films Death of a Dynasty (2003) and State Property 2 (2005).
2005–07: Return to prominence with The Emancipation of Mimi
Mariah Carey in August 2006 3.jpgrightthumb240pxCarey performing on her Adventures of Mimi Tour, in Florida August 7, 2006.
Carey's tenth studio album, The Emancipation of Mimi (2005), contained contributions from producers such as The Neptunes, Kanye West and Carey's longtime collaborator, Jermaine Dupri. Carey said it was "very much like a party record the process of putting on makeup and getting ready to go out I wanted to make a record that was reflective of that."Ferber, Lawrence. "Mariah Carey: Free at last". HX. April 4, 2005. The Emancipation of Mimi became 2005's best-selling album in the U.S. The Guardian reviewer defined it as "cool, focused and urban the first Mariah Carey tunes in years which I wouldn't have to be paid to listen to again".,Sullivan, Caroline. . The Guardian. April 1, 2005. Retrieved March 17, 2006. but New York Daily News states, "Carey has brought back that trademark dog-whistle that she exploited in the callow part of her career with a vengeance and used it on 11 of the CD's 14 tracks. For Carey, vocalizing is all about the performance, not the emotions that inspired it. Singing, to her, represents a physical challenge, not an emotional unburdening. If no one can question the scope of Carey's voice, it's too bad that she has again used it to say nothing."Farber, Jim. . New York Daily News. April 12, 2005. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
The album earned a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album and the single "We Belong Together" won Best Female R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song. "We Belong Together" held the Hot 100's number-one position for fourteen weeks, her longest run at the top as a solo lead artist. Subsequently, the single "Shake It Off" reached number two for a week, which made Carey the first female lead vocalist to have simultaneously held the Hot 100's top two positions. (While it topped the charts in 2002, Ashanti was the "featured" singer on the number two single.)Bronson, Fred. . Billboard. April 20, 2002. Retrieved July 19, 2008.Bronson, Fred; "The Billboard Book of Number One Hits", pg. 44Feldman, Christopher; "The Billboard Book of Number Two Hits"Jeckell, Barry A. . Billboard. September 1, 2005. Retrieved June 9, 2006.. Billboard. September 1, 2005. Retrieved June 10, 2008. 2005 proved to be a good year for Carey, as "We Belong Together" reached number one on Billboard's year end chart for Hot 100 singles, and The Emancipation of Mimi is classed as the best selling album of 2005 by Nielsen SoundScan.
In mid-2006, Carey began The Adventures of Mimi Tour, which was the most successful of her career, although some dates had to be canceled.. Washington Post. October 26, 2006. Retrieved December 15, 2007. She appeared on the cover of the March, 2007, edition of Playboy magazine in a non-nude photo session.. New York Post. December 31, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2007. Around this time, she made a legal threat against porn star Mary Carey, believing their names were too similar.
In 2006, Carey joined the cast of the indie film Tennessee (2008), taking the role of an aspiring singer who flees her controlling husband and joins two brothers on a journey to find their long-lost father.. Retrieved December 26, 2008. The movie received mixed reviews, but most of them raved about Carey's performance and praised it as "understated and very effective."
2007–09: E=MC², second marriage, and Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel
By spring 2007, she had begun to work on her eleventh studio album, E=MC². MariahCarey.com. Retrieved February 13, 2008. Asked about the album title's meaning, Carey said "Einstein's theory? Physics? Me? Hello! ...Of course I'm poking fun." She characterized the project as "Emancipation of Mimi to the second power", and said that she was "freer" on this album than any other. Like her previous one, this album mainly concentrates on pop and R&B but borrows hip hop, gospel and even reggae ("Cruise Control") elements.Swift, Jacqui. . The Sun. April 10, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2008. Reuters. March 28, 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2008. Although E=MC² was well received by most critics,. Metacritic.com. Retrieved April 10, 2008. some of them criticized it for being "a clone of The Emancipation of Mimi".Cromelin, Richard. . LA Times. April 12, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008. Bleu Magazines critic said that the "facsimiles aren't terrible, they're just boring and forgettable at this point."Irby, Adam Benjamin. . TheBleuMag.com. April 5, 2008. Retrieved April 9, 2008. Two weeks before the album's release, on April 2, 2008, "Touch My Body", her first single from the album, became Carey's eighteenth number-one single on the Hot 100, pushing her past Elvis Presley into second place for the most number-one singles among all artists in the rock era, according to Billboard magazine's revised methodology.Bronson, Fred. . Billboard. December 22, 2005. Retrieved March 17, 2006.. MSNBC. April 2, 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2008.Pietroluongo, Silvio. . Reuters. April 2, 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2008. Carey is now second only to The Beatles, who have twenty number-one singles.Bronson, Fred. . Billboard. March 28, 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2008. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with 463,000 copies sold, making it the biggest opening week sales of her career.
Carey's singles have collectively topped the charts for seventy-nine weeks, which places her just behind Presley, who topped the charts for a combined eighty weeks. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked her at number six on the "Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists", making Carey the second most successful female artist (behind Madonna) in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Carey has also had notable success on international charts, though not to the same degree as in the United States. Thus far, she has had two number-one singles in Britain, two in Australia, and six in Canada. Her highest-charting single in Japan peaked at number two. Carey and actor/comedian/rapper Nick Cannon met while they shot Carey's music video for her second single "Bye Bye" on a private island of the coast of Antigua. On April 30, 2008, Carey married Cannon at her private estate on Windermere Island in The Bahamas.Liz McNeil. . People. May 7, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2008. In October 2008, Carey was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame. Carey had a cameo appearance in Adam Sandler's 2008 film You Don't Mess with the Zohan, playing herself.Sampson, Mike. . JoBlo.com. June 11, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
Mariahangels.jpgthumbCarey performing live in Las Vegas in 2009
Carey performed "Hero" at the Neighborhood Inaugural Ball after Barack Obama was sworn in as America's first African-American president on January 20, 2009. On July 7, 2009, Carey – alongside Trey Lorenz – performed her version of the Jackson 5 hit "I'll Be There" at the memorial service for Michael Jackson in the Los Angeles Staples Center. Carey was featured on "My Love", the second single from singer-songwriter The-Dream's album Love vs. Money. In 2009, she appeared as a social worker in Precious, the movie adaptation of the 1996 novel Push by Sapphire. The film has garnered mostly positive reviews from critics, as has Carey's performance. Variety described her acting as "pitch-perfect". So far Precious has won awards at both the Sundance Film Festival and the Toronto Film Festival, receiving top awards there. In January 2010, Carey won the Breakthrough Actress Performance award for her role in Precious at the Palm Springs International Film Festival.
Carey's twelfth studio album, Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel was released on September 25, 2009. The album received generally favorable reviews from music critics. John Bush of Allmusic called it "her most interesting album in a decade", while Jon Caramanica from The New York Times criticized Carey's vocal performances, decrying her overuse of her softer vocal registers at the expense of her more powerful lower and mid registers. Commercially, the album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and became the lowest-selling studio album of her career. The album's lead single, "Obsessed", became her 40th entry on the Billboard Hot 100 and her highest debut on the chart since "My All" in 1998. The song debuted at number eleven and peaked at number seven on the chart and became Carey's 27th US top-ten hit, tying her with Elton John and Janet Jackson as the fifth most top-ten hits. Within hours after the song's release, various outlets speculated that its target was rapper Eminem, in response to his song "Bagpipes from Baghdad," in which he taunted Carey's husband, Nick Cannon by telling him to back off and that Carey is his.Martens, Todd. . Los Angeles Times. June 16, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009.Kreps, Daniel. . Rolling Stone. June 16, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009.Gamboa, Glenn. . Newsday. June 16, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009.Wete, Brad. . Vibe. June 16, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009. According to MTV, Carey alludes to drug problems in "Obsessed," which Eminem opened up about on his sixth studio album, Relapse. The album's follow-up singles failed to achieve commercial success. The second single, a cover of Foreigner's "I Want to Know What Love Is", peaked at number 60 and the third single, "H.A.T.E.U.", failed to crack the Billboard Hot 100. On December 31, 2009, Carey embarked her seventh concert tour, Angels Advocate Tour, which visited the United States and Canada. Later it was announced that Carey would release two remix albums of Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel; titled Angels Advocate (an R&B remix album featuring a collection of newly remixed duets with some of Carey's favorite artists) and MC vs JS (a dance album entirely remixed by the Jump Smokers). In January 2010, "Up Out My Face" featuring Nicki Minaj and "Angels Cry" featuring Ne-Yo were released as the lead singles from Angels Advocate. Both albums were slated for a March 2010 release, but were eventually cancelled.
2010–present: Merry Christmas II You, HSN collection and pregnancy
Mariahparade1.jpgthumbleftCarey performing live in Magic Kingdom on December 3, 2010
Following the cancellation of the remix albums, it was announced that Carey will go back to the studio to start work on her second Christmas album and her 13th studio album. Long time collaborators for the project include Jermaine Dupri and Bryan-Michael Cox. Mariahcarey.com (official website). retrieved: 2010-04-15. Dupri stated that a single will be released by the end of 2010. Johntá Austin and Randy Jackson are also contributing to the project.
During a press conference in Seoul, South Korea, in August 2010, Island Def Jam executive Matt Voss announced that the Christmas album would be out on November 2 and will include six new songs and a remix of her all time classic hit "All I Want for Christmas Is You". The album will be titled Merry Christmas II You, a follow-up to her 1994 multiplatinum album Merry Christmas. An accompanying DVD was released alongside the CD. Carey has produced and recorded tracks with the Broadway producer Marc Shaiman for the album. The album debuted at #4 on the Billboard 200 with sales of 56,000 copies, surpassing the opening week sales of Carey's previous holiday album Merry Christmas of 45,000 copies 16 years prior, and making Merry Christmas II You Carey's 16th top 10 album. The album debuted at #1 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, making it only the second Christmas album to top this chart, and also hit number #1 on the Holiday Albums Chart. Mariah Carey (official website). Retrieved: November 11, 2010
In May 2010, Carey, citing medical reasons, dropped out of her planned appearance in For Colored Girls, the film adaptation of the play For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf., Us, May 27, 2010 After much media spectulation, on October 28, 2010, Carey confirmed that she and Cannon are expecting a baby, and that it is due in the spring of 2011. Carey stated that she struggled to keep the news a secret. She also said that they have yet to find out the gender of the baby and that she conceived naturally. She added that she had been pregnant shortly after her wedding with Nick Cannon, but that she miscarried. Carey and Cannon decided to keep the matter private. The public speculated that Carey accidentally revealed that the couple were expecting twins during an radio interview by referring to the child as 'they', however, Cannon refused to say how many babies his wife was expecting to E! News, but admitted that by saying 'they', Mariah 'wasn't wrong'. On December 16, 2010, Nick Cannon announced that he and Mariah were in fact going to have twins. On February 1, 2011, Carey confirmed that the twins were one girl and one boy.
Carey said on Friday, February 11 on HSN, that she recorded a duet with Tony Bennett for his upcoming "Duets" album.http Jermaine Dupri and Mariah worked on a charity song which was to be called, 'Save the Day', and was to feature vocals from Carey, Taylor Swift, Mary J. Blige and R. Kelly.http
Carey has said that from childhood she has been influenced by R&B and soul musicians such as Billie Holiday, Sarah Vaughan,Norent, Lynn. "Mariah Carey: 'Not another White girl trying to sing Black'". Ebony. March 1991. Gladys Knight and Aretha Franklin. Her music contains strong influences of gospel music, she attends an Episcopal church Retrieved July 11, 2010. and her favorite gospel singers include The Clark Sisters, Shirley Caesar and Edwin Hawkins. When Carey incorporated hip-hop into her sound, speculation arose that she was making an attempt to take advantage of the genre's popularity, but she told Newsweek, "People just don't understand. I grew up with this music".Shapiro, pg. 124. She has expressed appreciation for rappers such as The Sugarhill Gang, Eric B. & Rakim, the Wu-Tang Clan, The Notorious B.I.G. and Mobb Deep, with whom she collaborated on the single "The Roof (Back in Time)" (1998).
During Carey's career, her vocal and musical style, along with her level of success, has been compared to Whitney Houston and Celine Dion. Carey and her peers, according to Garry Mulholland, are "the princesses of wails virtuoso vocalists who blend chart-oriented pop with mature MOR torch song".Mulholland, Garry. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (2003). pg. 57. UK: Flame Tree Publishing. ISBN 1-904041-70-1. In She Bop II: The Definitive History of Women in Rock, Pop and Soul (2002), writer Lucy O'Brien attributed the comeback of Barbra Streisand's "old-fashioned showgirl" to Carey and Dion, and described them and Houston as "groomed, airbrushed and overblown to perfection".O'Brien, Lucy. She Bop II: The Definitive History of Women in Rock, Pop and Soul (2002). pg. 476–477. UK: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-5776-2 (paperback). Carey's musical transition and use of more revealing clothing during the late 1990s were, in part, initiated to distance herself from this image, and she subsequently said that most of her early work was "schmaltzy MOR". Some have noted that unlike Houston and Dion, Carey co-writes her own songs, and the Guinness Rockopedia (1998) classified her as the "songbird supreme".Guinness Rockopedia (1998). pg. 74. UK: Guinness Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-85112-072-5. Despite the fact that Carey is often credited with co-writing her material, she has also been accused of plagiarism on several occasions. Many of these cases were eventually settled out of court.June 26, 2001. Retrieved January 2, 2008.August 10, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2008. August 17, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
Mariah Carey possesses a five-octave vocal range, and was ranked first in a 2003 MTV and Blender magazine countdown of the 22 Greatest Voices in Music, as voted by fans and readers in an online poll. Carey said of the poll, "What it really means is voice of the MTV generation. Of course, it's an enormous compliment, but I don't feel that way about myself.". The Sydney Morning Herald. April 1, 2003. Retrieved March 12, 2006. She also placed second in Cove magazine's list of "The 100 Outstanding Pop Vocalists". Regarding her voice, Carey states, "I have nodules on my vocal cords. My mother says I've had them since I was a kid. That's why I have the high register and the belting register and I can still be husky. The only thing that really affects my voice is sleep. Sometimes if I'm exhausted, I can't hit the really high notes." "My doctors showed me my vocal cords and why I can hit those high notes. It's a certain part of the cord that not many people use—the very top. My natural voice is low. I have a raspy voice. I'm really more of an alto. But my airy voice can be high if I'm rested. When I was little, I'd talk in this really high whisper, and my mom would be like, "You're being ridiculous." I thought if I can talk like that I can sing like that. So I started just messing around with it. I'd practice and practice, and she'd be like, "You're gonna hurt yourself." I'd tell her, It doesn’t hurt/ If I were to try and belt two octaves lower than that, that would be a strain."
She also explains that it was Minnie Riperton who influenced her to use the whistle register.
French-American baritone and singing teacher in the Conservatoire de Paris Malcolm WalkerViros, Alexandre. "Casser les voix". Vox Pop. N°11. September–October 2009. p. 83. as well as music critic Stephen Holden of The New York Times and vocal pedagogue Jeannette Lo Vetri state that her lower regiter is "tired", "distended", the medium is pure, full rounded and warm, the belting register "works very well" and has the same timbre that the medium. However, the medium is often breathy and thin and the voice is sometimes strained in belting. The head voice and the whistle register are bright, ample and pure. Malcolm Walker adds: "She passes easily in head voice. It's her true voice."
Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker adds her timbre possesses various colors, saying, "Carey's sound changes with nearly every line, mutating from a steely tone to a vibrating growl and then to a humid, breathy coo."Frere-Jones, Sasha. . The New Yorker. April 3, 2006. Her wide vocal range allows Carey to take melodies from alto bottom notes to coloratura soprano upper register, and, according to music critic Jim Faber of New York Daily News, she can "cover all the octaves between , and the agility to move between ... with swiftness and aplomb." Carey also possesses what she calls "whisper register". In an interview with the singer, Ron Givens of Entertainment Weekly described it this way, "In one brief swoop, she seems to squeal and roar at the same time: whisper register."Givens, Ron. . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
Voice experts praise Carey's vocal technique, like Stephen Holden who said, "he can deliver very accurate staccatos as well as tricky melismas, and she possesses a beautiful and solid trill in upper register". Jeanette Lo Vetri states, "Carey is really a great technician. The staccatos are pin point, executed with amazing speed and control, the legato is a marvel of smoothness, she is the supreme mistress of melismas, she always keeps a neutral larynx position— except sometimes in her lower register— and she glides effortlessly from bottom to top and vice versa." Malcolm Walker adds her vocal lines are "very well led, especially in piano register."
Themes and musical style
Love is the subject of the majority of Carey's lyrics, although she has written about themes such as racism, social alienation, death, world hunger, and spirituality. She has said that much of her work is partly autobiographical, but TIME magazine wrote: "If only Mariah Carey's music had the drama of her life. Her songs are often sugary and artificial—NutraSweet soul. But her life has passion and conflict."Farley, Christopher John. . TIME. September 25, 1995. Retrieved March 12, 2006. Rolling Stone expressed similar sentiments, saying, "Carey has a remarkable vocal gift, but to date, unfortunately, her singing has been far more impressive than expressive", "She wails notes that don't need emphasizing, then whispers what would ordinarily be climactic phrases, and the outcome doesn't make emotional or musical sense." New York Daily News continues in the same direction, saying, "For Carey, vocalizing is all about the performance, not the emotions that inspired it. Singing, to her, represents a physical challenge, not an emotional unburdening. If no one can question the scope of Carey's voice it's too bad she has again used it to say nothing." The Village Voice wrote in 2001 that, in that respect, Carey compared unfavorably with singers such as Mary J. Blige, saying "Carey's Strawberry Shortcake soul still provides the template with which teen-pop cuties draw curlicues around those centerless Warren ballads it's largely because of that the new R&B demands a greater range of emotional expression, smarter poetry, more from-the-gut testifying, and less unnecessary notes than the squeaky-clean and just plain squeaky Mariah era. Nowadays it's the Christina Aguileras and Jessica Simpsons who awkwardly oversing, while the women with roof-raising lung power keep it in check when tune or lyric demands."Walters, Barry.. The Village Voice. September 5 — September 11, 2001.
Carey's output makes use of electronic instruments such as drum machines, keyboards and synthesizers. Many of her songs contain piano music, and she was given piano lessons when she was six years old. Carey said that she cannot read sheet music and prefers to collaborate with a pianist when composing her material, but feels that it is easier to experiment with faster and less conventional melodies and chord progressions using this technique. Some of her arrangements have been inspired by the work of musicians such as Stevie Wonder, a soul pianist to whom Carey once referred as "the genius of the century", but she has said, "My voice is my instrument; it always has been.". Yahoo! Music. November 2005. Retrieved March 12, 2006.
Carey began commissioning remixes of her material early in her career and helped to spearhead the practice of recording entirely new vocals for remixes.Norris, John. . MTV.com. October 2003. Retrieved March 12, 2006. Disc jockey David Morales has collaborated with Carey several times, starting with "Dreamlover" (1993), which popularized the tradition of remixing R&B songs into house records, and which Slant magazine named one of the greatest dance songs of all time.. Slant. 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2006. From "Fantasy" (1995) onward, Carey enlisted both hip hop and house producers to re-imagine her album compositions. Entertainment Weekly included two remixes of "Fantasy" on a list of Carey's greatest recordings compiled in 2005:. Entertainment Weekly. January 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2006. a National Dance Music Award-winning remix produced by Morales, and a Sean Combs production featuring rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard. The latter has been credited with popularizing the R&B/hip hop collaboration trend that has continued into the 2000s through artists such as Ashanti and Beyoncé.People in the News. CNN. Airdate: April 30, 2005. Combs said that Carey "knows the importance of mixes, so you feel like you're with an artist who appreciates your work—an artist who wants to come up with something with you". She continues to consult on remixes by producers such as Morales, Jermaine Dupri, Junior Vasquez and DJ Clue, and guest performers contribute frequently to them.
Carey's vocal style and singing ability has significantly impacted popular and contemporary music. Music critic G. Brown from The Denver Post wrote, "For better or worse, Mariah Carey's five-octave range and melismatic style have influenced a generation of pop singers." According to Rolling Stone, "Her mastery of melisma, the fluttering strings of notes that decorate songs like "Vision of Love," inspired the entire American Idol vocal school, for better or worse, and virtually every other female R&B singer since the Nineties." Beyoncé Knowles credits Carey's singing and her song "Vision of Love," as influencing her to begin practicing vocal "runs" as a child, as well as helping her pursue a career as a musician. Carey is also credited for introducing R&B and hip-hop into mainstream pop culture, and for popularizing rap as a featuring act through her post-1995 songs. Sasha Frere-Jones, editor of The New Yorker commented, "It became standard for R&B/hip-hop stars like Missy Elliott and Beyoncé, to combine melodies with rapped verses. And young white pop stars—including Britney Spears, 'N Sync, and Christina Aguilera—have spent much of the past ten years making pop music that is unmistakably R&B." Judnick Mayard, writer of TheFader wrote that in regarding of R&B and Hip-Hop Collaboration, "The champion of this movement is Mariah Carey.".http Mayard also expressed that "To this day ODB and Mariah may still be the best and most random hip hop collaboration of all time" citing that due to the record "Fantasy" "R&B and Hip Hop were the best of step siblings." New York Magazine's editor Roger Deckker said that in regarding of Carey as a influential artist in music, he commented that "Whitney Houston may have introduced melisma (the vocally acrobatic style of lending a word an extra syllable or twenty) to the charts, but it was Mariah—with her jaw-dropping range—who made it into America’s default sound."http Deckker also added that "Every time you turn on American Idol, you are watching her children".http According to Pier Dominguez, author of Christina Aguilera: a star is made : the unauthorized biography, Aguilera has stated how she loved listening to Whitney Houston, but it was Carey who had the biggest influence on her vocal styling. Carey's carefully choreographed image of a grown woman's image, struck a chord on Aguilera. Her influence on Aguilera also grew from the fact that both were of mixed heritage. Philip Brasor, editor of "The Japan Times," expressed how Carey's vocal and melismatic style even influenced Asian singers. He wrote regarding Japanese superstar Utada Hikaru, "Utada sang what she heard, from the diaphragm and with her own take on the kind of melisma that became de rigueur in American pop after the ascendance of Mariah Carey."
Mariah Carey12 Edwards Dec 1998.jpgleftthumb180pxCarey at Edwards Air Force Base during the making of "I Still Believe" video in 1998.
In a career spanning over 20 years, Carey has sold over 200 million albums, singles, and videos worldwide, making her one of the biggest-selling artists in music history. Carey is ranked as the best-selling female artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era, with over 52 million copies sold. Possessing a five-octave vocal range, Carey was ranked first in MTV and Blender magazine's 2003 countdown of the 22 Greatest Voices in Music, and was placed second in Cove magazine's list of "The 100 Outstanding Pop Vocalists". Aside from her voice, she has become known for her songwriting. Yahoo Music editor, Jason Ankeny wrote, "She earned frequent comparison to rivals Whitney Houston and Celine Dion, but did them both one better by composing all of her own material." According to Billboard magazine, she was the most successful artist of the 1990s in the United States.Shapiro, Marc. Mariah Carey (2001). pg. 145. UK: ECW Press, Canada. ISBN 1-55022-444-1 At the 2000 World Music Awards, Carey was given a Legend Award for being the "best-selling female pop artist of the millennium," as well as the "Best-selling artist of the 90s" in the United States, after releasing a series of albums of multi-platinum status in Asia and Europe, such as Music Box and Number 1's. She is also a recipient of the Chopard Diamond Award in 2003, recognizing sales of over 100 million albums worldwide. Additionally, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) lists Carey as the third best-selling female artist, with shipments of over 63 million units in the U.S. In Japan, Carey has the top four highest-selling albums of all time by a non-Asian artist.
Carey has spent a record 79 weeks at the number-one position on Billboard Hot 100, becoming the artist with the most weeks at number-one in U.S. chart history. On that same chart, she has accumulated 18 number-one singles, which ties her with Elvis Presley for the most number-one singles in the chart's history. In 1994, Carey released her holiday album "Merry Christmas", which became one of the best-selling Christmas album of all time, selling over 12 million copies. It also produced the successful single, "All I Want for Christmas Is You", which became the only holiday song and ringtone to reach multi-platinum status in the U.S. In Japan, Number 1's has sold over 3,250,000 copies and is the best-selling album of all time in Japan by a non-Asian artist. Her hit single "One Sweet Day", which featured Boyz II Men, spent sixteen consecutive weeks at the top of Billboards Hot 100 chart in 1996, setting the record for the most weeks atop the Hot 100 chart in history. After Carey's success in Asia with Merry Christmas, Billboard estimated Carey as the all time best-selling international artist in Japan. In 2008, Billboard magazine listed "We Belong Together" ninth on The Billboard: All-Time Hot 100 Top Songs and the most successful song of the first decade of the 21st century. In 2009, Carey's song Obsessed became her 12th Platinum single, the most by any female artist. Also in 2009, Carey's cover of Foreigner's classic, "I Want to Know What Love Is" became the longest-running number-one song in Brazilian singles chart history, spending 27 consecutive weeks at number-one. Additionally, Carey has had three songs debut at number-one on the Billboard Hot 100: "Fantasy", "One Sweet Day" and "Honey", making her the artist with the most number-one debuts in the chart's 52 year history. Also, she is the first female artist to debut at number 1 in the U.S. with "Fantasy". Billboard charts. Retrieved: 2010-10-25. In 2010, Careys 13th and second Christmas album, Merry Christmas II You debuted at #1 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, making it only the second Christmas album to top this chart.
On November 19, 2010 Billboard magazine named Carey in their "Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years" chart at #4.
Philanthropy and other activities
Carey is a philanthropist who has donated time and money to organizations such as the Fresh Air Fund. She became associated with the Fund in the early 1990s, and is the co-founder of a camp located in Fishkill, New York, that enables inner-city youth to embrace the arts and introduces them to career opportunities. The camp was called Camp Mariah "for her generous support and dedication to Fresh Air children",. Fresh Air Fund. Retrieved March 17, 2006. and she received a Congressional Horizon Award for her youth-related charity work.. MTV.com. April 13, 1999. Retrieved April 22, 2006. She is well-known nationally for her work with the Make-A-Wish Foundation in granting the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses, and in November 2006 she was awarded the Foundation's Wish Idol for her "extraordinary generosity and her many wish granting achievements".. MariahCarey.com. November 20, 2006. Retrieved November 21, 2006. Carey has volunteered for the New York City Police Athletic League and contributed to the obstetrics department of New York Presbyterian Hospital Cornell Medical Center. A percentage of the sales of MTV Unplugged was donated to various other charities. In 2008, Carey was named Hunger Ambassador of the World Hunger Relief Movement. She is giving a free download of her song, "Love Story", to customers who donate to the organization at participating restaurants.. Retrieved October 5, 2008. In February 2010, the song, "100%", which was originally written and recorded for the film, Precious, was used as one of the theme songs for the 2010 Winter Olympics, with all money proceeds going to Team USA.
One of Carey's most high-profile benefit concert appearances was on VH1's 1998 Divas Live special, during which she performed alongside other female singers in support of the Save the Music Foundation. The concert was a ratings success, and Carey participated in the Divas 2000 special. In 2007, the Save the Music Foundation honored Carey at their tenth gala event for her support towards the foundation since its inception.Friedman, Roger. . Fox News. September 21, 2007. She appeared at the America: A Tribute to Heroes nationally televised fundraiser in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, and in December 2001, she performed before peacekeeping troops in Kosovo. Carey hosted the CBS television special At Home for the Holidays, which documented real-life stories of adopted children and foster families,Duffy, Mike. . Detroit Free Press. December 21, 2001. Retrieved from the Wayback Machine on April 22, 2006. and she has worked with the New York City Administration for Children's Services. In 2005, Carey performed for Live 8 in London and at the Hurricane Katrina relief telethon "Shelter from the Storm". In August 2008, Carey and other singers recorded the charity single, "Just Stand Up" produced by Babyface and L. A. Reid, to support "Stand Up to Cancer". On September 5, the singers performed it live on TV.
Declining offers to appear in commercials in the United States during her early career, Carey was not involved in brand marketing initiatives until 2006, when she participated in endorsements for Intel Centrino personal computers and launched a jewelry and accessories line for teenagers, Glamorized, in American Claire's and Icing stores.Paoletta, Michael. Billboard. July 10, 2006. Retrieved July 27, 2007.Serpe, Gina. . E! Online. March 3, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2006. During this period, as part of a partnership with Pepsi and Motorola, Carey recorded and promoted a series of exclusive ringtones, including "Time of Your Life".. PR Newswire. April 19, 2006. Retrieved August 1, 2006. She signed a licensing deal with the cosmetics company Elizabeth Arden, and in 2007, she released her own fragrance, "M".Vineyard, Jennifer and Bland, Bridget. . MTV.com. April 6, 2006. Retrieved April 7, 2006.Naughton, Julie. . WWD.com. June 22, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2007. According to Forbes, Carey was the sixth richest woman in entertainment , with an estimated net worth of US $225 million.. Forbes. January 18, 2007. Retrieved January 21, 2007. Carey directed or co-directed several of the music videos for her singles during the 1990s. Slant magazine named the video for "The Roof (Back in Time)", which Carey co-directed with Diane Martel, one of the twenty greatest music videos of all time.Gonzalez, Ed and Cinquemani, Sal. . Slant. 2003. Retrieved August 1, 2007. In 2008, Carey made Times annual list of 100 most Influential people.. expressindia.com. May 1, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008.. Daily Mail. May 1, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008.. Time. May 1, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008. In January 2010, Carey announced via Twitter that she is launching a new rosé champagne brand called Angel Champagne. On November 29, 2010, Mariah debuted a collection on HSN, the collection range included jewelry, shoes and fragrances.http She returned on Friday, February 11 with a new range of products.
*Mariah Carey (1990)
*Music Box (1993)
*Merry Christmas (1994)
*The Emancipation of Mimi (2005)
*Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009)
*Merry Christmas II You (2010)
* List of best-selling music artists
* List of best selling music artists in U.S.
* List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.)
* List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart
* List of awards received by Mariah Carey
* List of Mariah Carey tours
The Meat Puppets are an American rock band formed in January 1980, in Phoenix, Arizona. The group's original lineup was Curt Kirkwood (guitar/vocals), his brother Cris Kirkwood (bass guitar), and Derrick Bostrom (drums). The Kirkwood brothers met Bostrom while attending Brophy Prep High School in Phoenix. The three then moved to Tempe, Arizona (a Phoenix suburb and home to Arizona State University) where the Kirkwood brothers purchased two adjacent homes, one of which had a "shed" in the back where they regularly practiced.
One of the more notable groups on the roster of SST Records (who released most of their albums), the Meat Puppets started as a punk rock band, but like most of their SST peers, the Meat Puppets established their own unique style, blending punk with country and psychedelic rock, and featuring Curt's warbling vocals. The Meat Puppets later gained significant exposure when the Kirkwood brothers served as guest musicians on Nirvana's MTV Unplugged performance in 1993. The band's 1994 album Too High to Die subsequently became their most successful release. The band broke up twice, in 1996 and 2002, but reunited again in 2006.
The Meat Puppets have influenced various rock bands such as Nirvana, Dinosaur Jr, Pavement, and Soundgarden.
Early career (1980–1990)
In the late 70's, drummer Derrick Bostrom played with guitarist Jack Knetzger in a band called Atomic Bomb Club, which began as a duo, but would come to include bassist Cris Kirkwood. The band played a few local shows and recorded some demos, but began to dissolve quickly thereafter. Derrick and Cris began rehearsing together with Cris' brother Curt Kirkwood by learning songs from Bostrom's collection of punk rock 45s. After briefly toying with the name The Bastions of Immaturity, they settled on the name Meat Puppets in June, 1980 after a song by Curt of the same name which appears on their first album, the title of which was derived from a cartoon by B. Kliban.Kliban,B. Two Guys Fooling Around With the Moon. Workman, 1982 (Collection of previously published drawings). ISBN 978-0894801983 , pg. unnumbered, "Bill and Sue Enjoy the All Meat Puppets" Their early works were made up of hardcore punk, and attracted the attention of Joe Carducci as he was starting to work with legendary punk label SST Records. Carducci suggested they sign with the label, and the Meat Puppets released their first album Meat Puppets in 1982, which among several new originals and a pair of heavily skewed Doc Watson and Bob Nolan covers, featured the songs "The Gold Mine" and "Melons Rising", two tunes Derrick and Cris originally had written and performed as Atomic Bomb Club previously.Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. Faber, 2005. ISBN 0-571-21569-6, pg. 469
By the release of 1984's Meat Puppets II, the bandmembers "were so sick of the hardcore thing," according to Bostrom. "We were really into pissing off the crowd."Reynolds, pg. 470 The band experimented with acid rock and country western sounds. While the album had been recorded in early 1983, the album's release was delayed for a year by SST.Reynolds, pg. 471Meat Puppets II turned the band into one of the leading bands on SST Records, and along with the Violent Femmes, the Gun Club and others, helped establish the genre called "cow punk".
Meat Puppets II was followed by 1985's Up on the Sun. The album's sound resembled the folk-rock of The Byrds more than punk, and some of the group's fans accused the Meat Puppets of sounding dangerously like hippies and abandoning their punk roots. In keeping with their unconventional way of doing things, both Cris and Curt purposefully sang the entire album off key.
Over the next decade, the Meat Puppets remained on SST and released a series of albums while touring relentlessly. Between tours they would regularly play small shows in bars around the Phoenix area such as "The Mason Jar" and "The Sun Club" in Tempe. After the release of Out My Way in 1986, however, the band was briefly sidelined by an accident when Curt's finger was broken after being slammed in their touring van's door. The accident delayed the band's next album, the psychedelic Mirage, until the next year. The final result was considered their most polished sounding album to date.
Their next album, the heavier Huevos, came out less than six months afterward, in late summer of 1987. In stark contrast to its predecessor, Huevos was recorded in a swift, fiery fashion, with many first takes, and minimal second guessing. These recordings were completed in only a matter of days, and along with a few drawings and one of Curt's paintings taken from the wall to serve as cover art (a dish of three boiled eggs, a green pepper, and a bottle of Tabasco sauce), were all sent to SST shortly before the band returned to the road en route to their next gig. Curt revealed in an intervew that one of the reasons for the album being called Huevos (meaning 'eggs' in Spanish) was because of the multitude of first-takers on the record, as similarly eggs can only be used once.
Monsters was released in 1989, featuring a new sound with extended jams such as "Touchdown King" and "Flight of the Fire Weasel".
Major label career (1991–1995)
As numerous bands from the seminal SST label and other kindred punk-oriented indies had before them, the Meat Puppets grappled with the decision to switch to a major label. Two years after their final studio recording for SST, 1989's Monsters, the trio released its major-label debut, Forbidden Places, on the indie-friendly London Records. Forbidden Places is now out of print.
In late 1993, the 'Pups achieved mainstream popularity when Nirvana's Kurt Cobain, who became a fan after seeing them open for Black Flag, invited Cris and Curt to join him on MTV Unplugged for acoustic performances of "Plateau", "Oh Me" and "Lake of Fire" (all originally from Meat Puppets II). The resulting album, MTV Unplugged in New York, served as a swan song for Nirvana, as Cobain died 138 days after the concert. "Lake of Fire" became a cult favorite for its particularly wrenching vocal performance from Cobain. Subsequently, the Nirvana exposure and the strength of the single "Backwater" (their only charting single) helped lift the Meat Puppets to new commercial heights. The band's studio return was 1994's Too High To Die, produced by Butthole Surfers guitarist Paul Leary. The album featured "Backwater", a minor hit on alternative radio, and a hidden-track update of "Lake of Fire." Too High To Die earned the 'Pups a gold record (500,000 sold), outselling their previous records combined.
1995's No Joke! was the final album recorded by the original Meat Puppets lineup. Though the band's drug use included cocaine, heroin, LSD and many others, Cris' use of heroin and crack cocaine became so bad he never left his house except to obtain more drugs. At least two people (including his wife and one of his best friends) died of overdoses at his house in Tempe, AZ during this time. The Kirkwood brothers had always had a legendary appetite for illegal substances and during the tour to support Too High To Die with Stone Temple Pilots, the easy availability of drugs was too much for Cris. When it was over, he was severely addicted to cocaine.
First hiatus and reunion (1996–2001)
Derrick recorded a solo EP under the moniker Today's Sounds in 1996, and later on in 1999 took charge of re-issuing the Puppets' original seven records on Rykodisc as well as putting out their first live album, Live in Montana. Curt formed a new band in Austin, TX called the Royal Neanderthal Orchestra, but they changed their name to Meat Puppets for legal reasons and released a promotional EP entitled You Love Me in 1999, Golden Lies in 2000 and Live in 2002. The line-up was Curt (voc/git), Kyle Ellison (voc/git), Andrew Duplantis (voc/bass) and Shandon Sahm (drums). Sahm's father was the legendary fiddler-singer-songwriter Doug Sahm of The Sir Douglas Quintet and Texas Tornados. The concluding track to Classic Puppets entitled "New Leaf" also dates from this incarnation of the band.
Break up (2002–2005)
Around 2002, the Meat Puppets dissolved as Curt had gone on to release albums with the groups Eyes Adrift and Volcano. In 2005, he released his first solo album entitled Snow.
Bassist Cris was arrested in December 2003 for attacking a security guard at the main post office in downtown Phoenix, AZ with the guard's baton. The guard shot Kirkwood in the stomach at least twice during the melee, causing serious gunshot injuries requiring major surgery. Kirkwood was subsequently denied bail, the judge citing Kirkwood's previous drug arrests and probation violations. He eventually went to prison at the Arizona state prison in Florence, Arizona for felony assault. He was released in July 2005.
Derrick Bostrom began a web site for the band about six months before the original trio stopped working together. The site went through many different permutations before it was essentially mothballed in 2003. In late 2005, Bostrom revamped it once again, this time as a "blog" for his recollections and as a place to share pieces of Meat Puppets history.
Second reunion (2006–present)
On March 24, 2006, Curt Kirkwood polled fans at his MySpace page with a bulletin that asked: "Question for all ! Would the original line up of the Meat Puppets interest anyone ? Feedback is good — do you want a reunion!?" The response from fans was overwhelmingly positive within a couple of hours, leading to speculation of a full-blown Meat Puppets reunion in the near future. However, a post made by Derrick Bostrom on the official Meat Puppets site dismissed the notion.
In April 2006 Billboard reported that the Kirkwood brothers would reunite as the Meat Puppets without original drummer Derrick Bostrom. Although Primus drummer Tim Alexander was announced as Bostrom's replacement, the position was later filled by Ted Marcus. The new lineup recorded a new full-length album, Rise to Your Knees, in mid-to-late 2006. The album was released by Anodyne Records on July 17, 2007.
On January 20, 2007, The Meat Puppets brothers performed two songs during an Army of Anyone concert, at La Zona Rosa in Austin, Texas. The first song was played with Curt Kirkwood and Cris Kirkwood along with Army of Anyone's Ray Luzier and Dean DeLeo. Then the second song was played with original members Curt and Cris Kirkwood and new Meat Puppets drummer Ted Marcus. This was in the middle of Army of Anyone's set, which they listed as Meat Puppet Theatre on the evening's set list. The band performed several new songs in March at the South by Southwest festival. On March 28, 2007, the band announced a West Coast tour through their MySpace page . This is the first tour with original bassist Cris in eleven years. The tour continued into the east coast and midwest later in 2007.
In 2008 they performed their classic second album live in its entirety at the ATP New York festival.
The band parted ways with Anodyne, signed to Megaforce and began recording new material in the winter of 2008. The resulting album, entitled Sewn Together, was released on May 12, 2009.
In the summer of 2009 the band continued to tour across America. They appeared in Rochester Minnesota outside in front of over 5,000 fans, after playing Summerfest in Milwaukee, Wisconsin the night prior. The Meat Puppets performed at the 2009 Voodoo Music Experience in New Orleans over the Halloween weekend.http
As of November 2009, Shandon Sahm is back as the drummer in the Meat Puppets, replacing Ted Marcus.http The band have been chosen by Animal Collective to perform the album 'Up On The Sun' live in it's entirety at the All Tomorrow's Parties festival that they will curate in May 2011.
The band's thirteenth studio album, entitled Lollipop, is set to be released on April 12. The Dandies will support the meat puppets on all european dates.
* Meat Puppets (1982)
* Meat Puppets II (1984)
* Up on the Sun (1985)
* Mirage (1987)
* Huevos (1987)
* Monsters (1989)
* Forbidden Places (1991)
* Too High to Die (1994)
* No Joke! (1995)
* Golden Lies (2000)
* Rise to Your Knees (2007)
* Sewn Together (2009)
* Lollipop (2011)
*List of alternative rock artists
*List of musicians in the second wave of punk music
Notes and referencesThis text has been derived from Mariah Carey on Wikipedia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License 3.0